Saturday, March 10, 2012
Poisons Post: European Spindletree
Scientific Name: Euonymus Europaeus
Folk/Common Names: Spindle, Common Spindle
Toxin Type: Alkaloid (Theobromine and caffeine, also terpene)
Toxicity Level: Fairly toxic, poisoning is most common in children, so probably slightly less so for adults.
Where is the Poison: The berries the plant produces are the worst concentration. Shoots of the plant are also toxic, especially to animals.
Symptoms:10-12 hours after ingesting the fruits/seeds, vomiting, diarrhea and other digestive symptoms present, along with heart rate elevation. If fatal, one can have convulsions and hallucinations along with paralysis of the digestive tract.
Interesting Fact: This tree has become an invasive species in the US after being introduced from Eurasia.
Folk Info: The tree gets its name from its very hard wood, which can be carved to make spindles for spinning wool.
BOTTOM LINE: SHOULD YOU BE WORRIED?
Just avoid the orange berries and you'll be fine.
BACK TO THE MASTER POISON LIST?